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Career In Software Engineering: Scope, Courses, Job, Salary

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What is software engineering?

You can’t go far without using software. From the alarm that wakes you up, the car you drive to work in, to the laptop you use when you arrive, it’s almost impossible to avoid. Not that you’d want to, because software is an integral part of almost every device that makes your daily life easier. Mobile phones, computers, home appliances, public transportation, and the emergency services all rely on intelligent software to make the most of their technology.

Software Engineering Courses, Colleges, Eligibility, Jobs & Salary

As a software engineer, you’ll be the one designing it. Applying your technical skills to the invention and innovation of software, along with the development, maintenance, and management of it, you’ll be able to use your love for technology to make a difference in the world. And you’ll make good money while doing it.

Software engineering course entry requirements

WAEC and JAMB UTME Subject Combinations for Software Engineering

Computing and IT are the most important subjects to study, but other technical subjects like physics and design technology may also be useful. What you’re really looking to show is your attention to detail, a technical curiosity, and a natural talent with numbers and programmes.

A good software engineer is diligent and analytical, able to trouble-shoot, and solve problems on the spot. These are the kind of attributes you’ll want to show in your personal statement, especially as many software engineering degrees will involve an interview.What you will need to do

  • Apply by 15 January
  • Attend an interview
  • Submit a personal statement

What you won’t need to do

  • Submit a portfolio
  • Audition for a place
  • Take an entry test
  • Show work experience

Why study software engineering at university?

While programming has been a popular subject for a long time, software engineering is a relatively new skill in universities. But that doesn’t mean that it’s not in-demand by employers, it’s quite the opposite. Software engineers will graduate into a marketplace which desperately needs them. The explosion of big data, apps, and smartphones has meant that the uniquely talented software engineer is going to be highly sought after in any business with technology at its heart.

Even if you choose to pursue a career outside of software engineering, the skills you collect during your degree will give you a great chance at entering other sectors. The booming IT industry, cyber security market, and artificial intelligence movement are always in need of talented computing specialists. You’ll fit the bill in all of these roles, so expect to be in demand by tech and retail giants, not to mention governments, and the military.

Some modules you may study are:

Virtualisation and cloud computing

Programming languages

Core computing concepts

Ethical hacking

Application and web development

Algorithms and modelling

Networking and operating systems

Systems environments

What’s the difference between a software engineer and a developer?

Engineering comes first. It’s about creating the development life cycle, connecting the needs of a customer with the eventual technological solution. Developers will work alongside engineers throughout, using their creativity to create the design.

  • While Software Developers build software, Software Engineers apply software engineering principles to different software lifecycle phases.
  • Software Development is a solitary activity, while Software Engineering involves team efforts.
  • Software Developers develop apps with readily available tools, while Software Engineers create tools to build software.
  • Software Developers write programs. Software Engineers work with other components of the hardware system.
  • Software Developers perform Software Engineers’ functions on a limited scale. Software Engineers cater to issues on a much larger scale as compared to Software Developers.
  • Education – Software Engineer title often refers to holding Bachelor’s or higher-level degrees in Computer Information Technology. Software development degrees are considered as specializations for information technology or computer programming.
  • Work Process and Style – Software Engineers are involved in the complete process and work with other engineers while building a system. On the other hand, Developers take care of only development, which is one aspect of the project building process. Developers have more scope of creativity while offering a solution, while Engineers have to be more systematic.
  • Career Paths – A Software Developer can opt to be a Developer or a Software Architect and be highly skilled in specific technologies, e.g., DevOps, iOS, Java, etc. A Software Engineer has choices of being a Software Engineer, Principal Software Engineer, or Lead Software Development Engineer. They can also take generic roles such as sales engineer.
  • Salaries – Average annual salary of a Software Developer is Rs. 493,576 in India while that of a Software Engineer is Rs. 523,770.

What can you do with a software engineering degree?

Two software engineers working together at a computer

Software engineering graduates will typically go on to find employment in the following areas:

  • software engineer
  • software developer
  • software architect

And many more options:

  • IT security coordinator
  • computer-aided design technician
  • IT trainer
  • systems analyst
  • forensic computer analyst
  • web editor
  • technical consultant
  • IT project manager
  • video games developer
  • mobile app developer
  • computer games tester
  • computer technician

What’s it like to study software engineering?

Software engineering is as dynamic and creative as it is analytical and theoretic. Hackathons and live coding events are common occurrences at many universities, as are team projects and prototyping. You’ll learn from tutors and industry experts, starting with the basics of computing and coding and then moving into more specialised areas that interest you the most. While you will have to learn various programming languages and spend a lot of time getting the theory down, most of your software engineering degree will be spent putting it into practice.

Either through special projects, work placements, or sandwich years – businesses play a big role in many software engineering courses. You’ll have the opportunity to work on real, exciting problems which will give you the chance to flex your coding muscles and prove your worth in the job market. Whether it’s a company that wants to make sure its website is secure, or a firm looking to develop an app for its new product, you’ll play your part.

With technology moving at a rate that’s almost hard to keep up with, you’ll be challenged to think about what this means for society. Is online privacy more important than safety and security? Is there a technological solution that keeps everybody happy? Could you be the one to develop it?

Software engineering undergraduates can expect the following tasks during their studies:

  • writing reports and essays
  • hackathons and coding competitions
  • practical and creative projects
  • attending lectures and seminars
  • real-world projects
  • hearing from industry speakers
  • placements and industry experience
  • project and team work.

Are you considering an accelerated degree? Click here to read more about the possibility of completing your undergraduate course in two years rather than three. 


If you want to combine work and study while earning a salary, you could consider an apprenticeship. Which apprenticeships are available, and how you apply, depends on where you live.

There are nearly 20 apprenticeships in the digital sector available in England, with more in development.

Each apprenticeship sets out occupational standards for specific job roles, designed by employers. The standards outline the skills, knowledge, and behaviours required to demonstrate that an apprentice is fully competent in the job role.

Higher apprenticeships (Level 4)

  • Cyber intrusion analyst
  • Cyber security technologist
  • Data analyst
  • Digital community manager
  • IS business analyst
  • Network engineer
  • Software developer
  • Software tester
  • Unified communications trouble shooter

Degree apprenticeships (Levels 5 – 7)

  • Cyber security technical professional (integrated degree)
  • Data scientist (integrated degree)
  • Digital and technology solutions professional (integrated degree)
  • Digital and technology solutions specialist (integrated degree)
  • Product design and development engineer (non-integrated degree)
  • Project manager (degree)