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High School Subjects Needed For Computer Programming

Last Updated on January 17, 2023 by Fola Shade

Computer programmers write code, which is a set of instructions to tell computers and their applications what to do to perform specific tasks. They use languages such as Java and C++, tools such as computer-assisted software engineering programs, and libraries that maintain lines of code commonly used in computer programs and applications. You can begin studying computer programming as early as high school.

What Is a Computer Programmer?

Computer programmers are technical specialists who write a logical sequence of instructions or ‘code’ that can control a computer. They may work with software developers and engineers to turn ideas for programs into code, using computer languages such as C++ and Java. hey write and troubleshoot new programs and applications for errors, fix mistakes in the code, and update and maintain existing programs or software. They may also create and use code libraries to make programming easier. As a computer programmer, you would have a strong knowledge of areas such as computers, electronics and mathematics.

Find out about computer programmer job requirements and other career information by reviewing the table below.

Degree RequiredBachelor’s degree
Education Field of StudyComputer programming, computer science, computer information systems
Key SkillsConcentration, attention to detail, analytical, problem-solving
CertificationCertification is voluntary
Projected Job Outlook (2020-2030)10% decline*
Average Annual Salary (2020)$95,640*

What Are Computer Programming Classes for High School Students Like?

Some computer science curriculums focus on giving students a broad overview of many different programming languages.

Others concentrate on teaching students just one or two programming languages in order to prepare them for specific jobs or higher education programs.

However, understanding the underlying computer science concepts and logic is the most important part of computer programming classes.

If your student learns how to manipulate computer programs with IF statements and loops, the programming language she chooses won’t matter that much.

She will be able to learn the basic functions of most programming languages very easily.

What are her next steps? Applying these computer programming concepts to real-world scenarios.

That’s why most computer programming classes utilize project-based learning.

In these classes, students learn to code their own websites, animations, and even video games.

In addition to developing their programming skills, these projects can also help students improve their creativity and problem-solving skills.

Keep in mind that computer science is a quickly-changing field. 

In addition to learning the basics of computer programming, it’s important for students to get a sense of some newer technologies they may encounter after graduation.

That’s why, here at Marlborough, in grades 9-12 we offer an introduction to text-based coding (with computer graphics animations and video games), as well as a survey of web development and newer technologies such as Arduino microcontrollers and Raspberry Pi mini-computers.

Why Computer Programming Classes Are Important in High School

Employment in the computer science sector is projected to grow 16 percent from 2018 to 2028 — much faster than the average for all other occupations.

There is a tremendous amount of opportunity for middle and high school students entering the field of computer science.

However, the competition for well-paid positions in this field is going to be fierce. 

Children have the capacity to learn complex computer science concepts from a very young age.

Today, students as young as six and seven are learning the underlying concepts of coding — which means your high schooler may have some catching up to do.

Unfortunately, formal computer science training is still a rare commodity in middle and high school curricula.

If you have the opportunity to introduce your student to computer science, do it as soon as possible — especially if she may wish to pursue a computer science degree in college.

The popularity of computer science programs is on the rise among college applicants.

In 2018, 135,992 students took the Advanced Placement (AP) Test in Computer Science.

Thirty-eight thousand one hundred ninety-five (38,195) of them were girls — a 183% increase from the new AP standard which was adopted in 2016.

However, despite the large gain in numbers, that still means girls make up only about 28% of test-takers.

We believe we can do better.

The concepts of computer science, engineering, and robotics are at the core of our curriculum here at Marlborough.

We teach our students essential computer science skills which will serve them well way beyond the classroom walls — whether or not they plan to pursue an advanced degree in this field.

What Classes Should I Take In High School For Computer Science

Credit: ThoughtCo

There is no one answer to this question since it depends on what type of computer science you are interested in and what type of high school you are attending. However, some basic classes that are often recommended include computer programming, computer science, mathematics, and physics.

The Benefits Of Taking Computer Science In High School

Taking computer science in high school provides students with the knowledge and skills they will need to work in the field of computer science. These abilities are exemplified by critical thinking, problem-solving, and creativity. A high school education in computer science is beneficial for students looking to advance in their careers in college.

Computer Science High School Nyc

There are many high schools in New York City that offer computer science courses. Some of these schools include Stuyvesant High School, Bronx High School of Science, and Brooklyn Technical High School. All of these schools are highly competitive and offer rigorous programs.

In New York City, computer science classes for high school students are available. Computer Science courses in NYC are available from some of the best schools. A high school computer science class in NYC is a good place to start. There are nine courses available in-person or online, each lasting 15 hours to 3 weeks, with pricing ranging from $699 to $6,225. In the Second Level of NextGen Bootcamp’s Java Summer Course, you will learn more advanced Java programming concepts. During this course, students will learn how to take university-level programming classes and the AP Computer Science exam, which are required for recent graduates. Students learn how to develop games with Java and graphic design as part of the iD Tech Java Coding and Game Development course.

For a beginner, this is a good book to start with. Students in high school who wish to learn Java should attend the Java Coding for High School course. Students learn how to use Java programming language through iD Tech Code Apps. The first step in learning Python is to acquire the fundamentals, followed by the transition to real-world data analysis. Ruby is a library that consists of Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, and Lisp elements and is open-source. JavaScript, which is one of three completely different programming languages, is regarded as one of the most important programming languages for website development. The Ruby programming language is a good choice for beginners or computer scientists who don’t want to deal with separate development environments.

Noble Desktop, a subsidiary of NextGen Bootcamp, offers high school and college students in the United States and Canada a comprehensive program in coding and digital design. iD Tech provides computer programming classes for teenagers in person or online, as well as summer and school-year programs. This certificate program covers a wide range of programming, data science, and computer programming concepts. Id Tech NYC is located at 221 E 71st St., New York, NY 10021. Students in high school attend pre-college summer programs, weekend programs, and semester programs at Columbia University. In New York City, you can enroll in computer science courses either in person or through online courses. Six beginner courses were listed, with prices ranging from $1,049 to $6,225.

If you want to learn Computer Science face-to-face with your instructor, you have three options in New York City. Synchronous training in which the instructor and students collaborate on their own online training sessions is referred to as live online training. The only computer science courses available in New York City are those offered on weekdays. Computer Science can help you achieve a wide range of learning objectives. Determine your training goals so you can choose the best training program for you. How much does a month of NYC Computer science training cost? You can use the price analysis section to compare course fees for computer science.

A summer certificate in computer science is offered by NextGen Bootcamp. You can also take the Java Programming Summer Course in person in New York or online. Python Machine Learning Summer Course Level 2: a live online course that will teach you how to use Python machines. The rate estimates only apply to hourly rates. A change in course pricing is not made public. A computer science job requires strong computer skills, which are one of the most important. The Java developer creates and constructs Java-based desktop, web, and mobile applications. A computer scientist’s specialization typically falls into one of four categories: theoretical computer science, computer systems, software engineering, or computer applications.

High School Courses of Study

High school students interested in computers and technology careers can prepare for higher education in the field through math, science, and computers and technology courses. High school students may also take dual-enrollment courses in programming and web design, which may fulfill some computers and technology degree requirements.

Students can strengthen their college application by completing extracurricular activities. Learners who plan to study computers and technology can benefit from AP classes in computer science, chemistry, statistics, and calculus. Students who earn sufficient AP exam scores may receive college credit. Completing computers and technology degree requirements while in high school can help students save money and graduate sooner.

College Courses of Study

Learners should choose their program and select computers and technology courses based on their career goals. Many two-year schools offer majors in cybersecurity, information science and technology, information technology, and computer science. Bachelor’s degree options may include computer science, computing, database and security, and information technology.

Computers and technology degree requirements depend on the specific program and major. However, degrees in the field typically require coursework in software systems analysis, programming and data structures, networking, database design and processing, and architecture of hardware and system software.

Students pursuing an associate degree or bachelor’s degree may also take courses in programming and data structures, microcomputer systems architecture, and foundations of information systems. Associate and bachelor’s programs in the field commonly require the following computers and technology courses.

High School

Many high schools offer computer science classes to prepare students for future college studies. Other coursework such as algebra and calculus helps students understand the basics of computers and how they operate by using mathematical equations. Some high schools also offer vocational training programs to prepare students to work as computer programmers after completing high school or to enter undergraduate programs.

Degree Programs

Most employers require at least an associate’s degree for computer programming jobs. Colleges and universities offer a variety of degrees related to computer programming, such as computer science. Coursework includes general academic studies such as English and history, as well as computer science coursework, which includes data structures and algorithms, programming languages and software engineering design processes.

Continuing Education and Certification

Computer programmers often continue their education or obtain certification to prove their skills to employers. As technology advances, computer programming languages advance. Programmers who learn the latest technologies through continuing education and obtain credentials related to new programming languages, tools and technologies can improve their employment opportunities.

Approximately 320,100 computer programmers were employed in the United States in 2011, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The highest levels of employment were in industries including computer systems software services, software publishers, management companies, employment services firms and insurance carriers. The Bureau estimated an average annual salary of $76,010 in 2011 for this occupation.

Computer programmers earned a median annual salary of $79,840 in 2016, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. On the low end, computer programmers earned a 25th percentile salary of $61,100, meaning 75 percent earned more than this amount. The 75th percentile salary is $103,690, meaning 25 percent earn more. In 2016, 294,900 people were employed in the U.S. as computer programmers.

Employers often prefer candidates who hold specialized certification. The training individuals receive during a certification program can lead to career advancement and higher earning potential. For individuals with various levels of education in computers and technology, certifications exist in niche areas of the field. Below are a few common certification options for technology professionals.

  • Project Management Professional: This graduate-level certification demonstrates that the holder possesses the skills and knowledge to oversee a project from start to finish. Students can earn this credential in as little as 18 months.
  • CompTIA A+ Technician: Early-career computer and technology professionals can pursue this credential to improve their employment opportunities. The certification requires two exams. Employers often require technicians and desktop support technicians to hold this certification.
  • Certified Information System Security Professional: Candidates for this credential must pass a 250-question exam. The certification demonstrates competency in managing information security programs. Individuals with this certification often work as security analysts and information technology auditors.

How to Become a Computer Programmer

1. Start in High School

Starting early with foundational knowledge is key. Take courses such as algebra and computer science to create building blocks for yourself to learn later programming skills.

2. Get to Know the Role

There are plenty of resources online to help you get to know more about the role of the computer programmer. Check out job sites such as LinkedIn or Glassdoor. Try to get connected with current programmers and schedule an informational interview with them to find out more about how they got to where they are now.

3. The Best Training for You

Computer programmers have degrees in computer science, information technology, or computer engineering. Other options for studying include certificates or coding bootcamps.

  • Get a Bachelor’s Degree:

Many employers require a bachelor’s degree. Common majors for computer programmers include mathematics, engineering, computer science, or information technology.

  • Technical Institute:

Another option for formal study is through a technical institute which will earn you a certificate or associate’s degree. Compared to a bachelor’s degree, you will learn more specialized skills.

  • Online Degrees:

If you are looking for flexibility or study-from-home options and a formal education, online study might be a great option for you. University of the People offers tuition-free, US-accredited online degree programs in Computer Science. Earn your associate’s degree or bachelor’s degree from home and become a programmer with minimal financial investment.

  • Teaching Yourself:

This will take a lot of self-motivation, dedication, and hard work, but many people do it successfully. If you want to teach yourself, start by choosing a language to study, then make a plan for yourself.

4. Choose a Focus

You will need to specialize in one or more computer languages. Will you be programming computer software or phone applications? Are you interested in gaming software? Find a focus for your work and your studies and you will be much more desirable for future employment.

5. Obtain Certifications

Prove your mastery of a language and skill by seeking out and completing certifications. Software companies and professional computing associations will offer tests and certificates.

For example, edX has tons of online classes that provide certificates from top universities including Harvard, MIT, and Dartmouth.

6. Get an Internship

An internship is a great way to build experience, knowledge, and get your foot in the door of the industry. During an internship, you will learn specific programming skills and gain real work experience while increasing your professional contacts in the field.

7. Build Valuable Job Experience

Try out internships, both paid or unpaid or start with freelance programming work. If you still need more experience before you start applying, work on several self-guided programming projects.

8. Build a Portfolio

Work on independent projects to include in your portfolio. Include projects completed during your coursework and your job, with the company’s permission. Always keep your portfolio updated and available online if possible.

9. Make Your Resume Stand Out

Make sure your resume is free of mistakes and up to date with all of your skills. Highlight a section of relevant skills and interests that make you particularly qualified for the job.

10. Nail the Interview

Read all about the company you are interviewing for online beforehand and make sure you can answer important, company-specific questions. You may be asked to perform technical tasks as well, so make sure you know what skills they are looking for and brush up on them as well as your ability to work under pressure before the interview.

11. Keep Learning

The field of technology and programming languages is always changing. Keep yourself up to date by subscribing to industry newsletters.

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