Last Updated on August 12, 2023 by Oluwajuwon Alvina
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Are you a law graduate interested in more advanced training? Or a legal professional looking to specialise in a specific branch of judicial theory? You may wish to consider a Master of Laws (LLM).
We’ve put together a simple overview of the LLM degree on this page. You can read about course content, application requirements and find out whether a Master of Laws is right for you.
For advice on other qualifications, check out our full guide to postgraduate law courses or find out about different Masters degree types.
What is an LLM?
The LLM is a Masters in Law. Most are taught degrees, but some can have research elements.
Master of Laws (LLM)
Type Taught / Research
Qualification Level 7 (NQF)
Length 1-2 years
Credit Value 180 CATS / 90-120 ECTS
The term ‘LLM’ stands for Legum Magister, which is Latin for ‘Master of Laws’. The degree is a historic and well established legal qualification, recognised in higher education systems around the world.
An LLM is a non-professional qualification. You don’t need an LLM qualification to practice law, but the advanced training and expertise you’ll gain can make you more attractive to law firms.
Most programmes are quite specialised, allowing you to study a specific branch of law in depth.
This can be useful if you wish to enter a specific area of legal practice – such as criminal law or family law.
LLM programmes can also benefit careers in other fields. If you work in business or management, for example, you may benefit from a knowledge of relevant economic and corporate law.
Some universities offer LLM degrees in conjunction with a Legal Practice Course (LPC). The LPC is an important step on the way to becoming a qualified solicitor and has a more vocational focus than the LLM. Read our guide to the Legal Practice Course for more information.
What are the entry requirements for an LLM?
Most candidates applying for an LLM will have an existing Law degree. This could be an LLB (Bachelor of Laws) or a postgraduate Law conversion course such as a CPE or GDL.
Some LLM programmes are designed for applicants from non-Law backgrounds, looking to study aspects of the law as it relates to other fields. These courses will normally require you to have another relevant degree and / or professional experience.
LLM programmes aren’t conversion courses
Though you may be able to study a Law Masters without an undergraduate Law degree, the LLM won’t qualify you professionally. If you wish to become a lawyer as a postgraduate, you should consider studying a conversion course such as a CPE or GDL.
Which countries award LLM degrees?
The LLM is a common international degree, but programmes differ slightly between countries.
Historically the LLM is associated with Anglophone (English-language) university systems such as the UK, USA, Australia, New Zealand and Canada. In these countries the LLM is an academic Masters degree, as described on this page.
LLM degrees and their equivalents are also offered in other higher education systems, worldwide:
In Europe the LLM is being recognised by the Bologna Process. Its status and purpose can vary however. Some countries award their own Masters-level Law qualifications. These may be academic programmes (similar to the LLM) or they may form part of a professional training process.
In Asia the LLM is becoming more popular as universities adopt common western degrees. Most of these programmes are academic, rather than professional.
Studying an LLM abroad
As an academic degree, the LLM is often highly transferrable. Whereas professional qualifications tend to relate to specific judicial systems, the legal theory studied on an LLM can be more widely relevant.
This makes the LLM an attractive option for postgraduate study abroad. Some programmes take extra advantage of this by focussing on global topics such as international business, tax or human rights law.
The LLM – international variants
The traditional LLM degree is an Anglo-American qualification. Other countries may award their own Masters degrees in Law and these may have slightly different titles. Generally, if a programme awards an academic Masters rather than a professional qualification, it will be equivalent to an LLM.
Who should study an LLM?
Though you may assume that an LLM has limited use outside of Law, the academic focus of these programmes can make them surprisingly flexible.
At its core a Master of Laws offers you the opportunity to acquire advanced understanding of legal theory – and to pursue highly specialised aspects of it.
This may be valuable if you are:
Considering a career in Law – Combined with appropriate professional qualifications, an LLM can make you more attractive to law firms and other recruiters. Specialised courses can also allow you to enter branches of legal practice for which more general candidates may not be as well equipped. If you know that you wish to become a solicitor or barrister – and have the time and resources to complete an additional degree – an LLM can be a good investment in your career.
Looking to specialise in legal practice – You don’t need to be a fresh graduate in order to study a Master of Laws. Many students on LLM programmes are already qualified solicitors or other legal professionals. Returning to postgraduate study can allow you to branch out into different areas of legal theory and practice, or ‘upskill’ yourself in preparation for more senior roles. LLM courses typically offer part-time or distance learning options to suit working professionals.
Using legal expertise in another profession – Solicitors and barristers aren’t the only professionals who regularly deal with legal issues. Many other organisations employ staff to deal with aspects of the law that impact upon their business or practices. For example, you might work in tax law for a large corporation or in human rights law on behalf of a charity. LLM courses can offer specialised training in these and other areas.
Interested in the academic study of legal theory – Your LLM doesn’t have to have a specific professional outcome. The study of legal theory, philosophy and history can be an interesting and important subject in its own right. An LLM is the perfect way to explore it. Like other Masters degrees it could also prepare you for a PhD – and perhaps an academic career.
Choosing the right LLM
Individual LLM programmes are often designed with particular candidates in mind. Some are intended for qualified practitioners, looking for advanced training. Others are research programmes, focussing more on academic legal theory. Some extended LLM courses even include professional bar training as well as advanced academic work. You can use our course listings to browse and compare different LLM programmes.
What’s it like to study an LLM?
LLMs are usually taught courses (though some research programmes are available). They follow a similar format to other Masters degrees such as the MA and MSc.
You’ll complete a series of individual modules on particular topics before proceeding to an extended research and dissertation task in the final part of your course.
Some programmes will specify the modules you need to complete. This is likely if your course is more specialised. Others may allow you to choose from a range of options, according to your interests.
Teaching methods will include discussion-group seminars, lectures and practical workshops or case studies. As with other Masters degrees you’ll be expected to supplement course timetable with independent reading and analysis.
Assessment will normally be in the form of written coursework assignments. Examinations are unlikely for academic programmes, but may be required if your LLM has a professional training component.
How long is an LLM?
A full-time taught LLM normally requires 1 year of study. This will involve two teaching terms, followed by a period of time for your dissertation.
Part-time and distance learning LLMs will often be longer, with courses up to two years.
Some full-time courses can also last longer than a year. This can be due to additional course content. For example, if your course combines the LLM with another component (such as a professional Law or Bar Practice qualification) its course length will reflect this. Some research-based LLMs are also longer
How many credits is an LLM worth?
LLMs are treated in the same way as other Masters degrees when it comes to credit weighting. This means that a full Master of Laws will normally be worth 180 CATS credits in the UK.
European LLM programmes will use the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System and be worth up to 90 ECTS credits.
What is involved in an LLM dissertation?
Your LLM dissertation will require you to research and write a thesis on a legal topic of your choosing.
This could involve solving issues involved in professional practice, comparing different judicial systems or using case studies and legal theory to reflect upon each other.
You’ll be assigned a supervisor to guide your research, but will be responsible for planning, managing and completing the task using your own initiative and expertise.
LLM dissertations are normally examined as written work, but some courses may include an oral defence of your findings and conclusions.
Understanding the Difference Between LLM and Juris Doctorate Degrees
There are a number of degree majors related to law and legal studies designed for professionals with their sites set on careers in legal support, research, academia and business. However, there are two specifically designed for aspiring attorneys who intend to sit for the bar exam, practice in a court of law and who choose to specialize in a particular area of law.
- Juris Doctorate (JD) – The JD is the initial, post-secondary law degree necessary to sit for the bar examination and practice as a lawyer in a U.S. jurisdiction
- Master of Laws (LL.M) – The LLM serves as a secondary degree for lawyers who have achieved their JD and passed the bar exam, and who are interested in a focused, specialized course of study in a specific topic of law
JD vs. LLM Degrees: Understanding the Differences
A U.S. News & World Report article provides that the primary difference between the JD and the LLM is that the JD is typically designed to prepare the individual for practicing law, and the programming of an LLM is designed to build upon the experience of the latter. The LLM is also known to be more supportive in the development of a law career in consulting or policy-driven initiatives. Another U.S. News & World Report article sets forth the primary distinctions between the degrees as follows:
- The purpose of a JD is to prepare someone to practice law, while the mission of an LLM is to provide advanced training.
- An LLM program focuses on more theoretical concerns than a JD program.
- An LLM can help attorneys attract clients in fields where the credential is highly valued.
- An LLM is usually not a requirement for a particular position.
- An LLM program may offer an opportunity to take more rigorous courses.
- LLM programs frequently require a thesis, while JD programs usually do not.
- An LLM can help JD recipients overcome the stigma of a poor GPA or having attended a low-ranked law school.
- An LLM allows attorneys to exclusively study one legal discipline.
LawyerEDU defines the JD “as the initial, postsecondary law degree necessary to sit for the bar examination and practice as a lawyer in a US jurisdiction,” and the LLM as “a secondary degree for lawyers who have achieved their JD and passed the bar exam, and who are interested in a focused, specialized course of study in a specific topic of law.” a typical law school requires a JD applicant to have a bachelor’s degree and LSAT or GRE score; while an LLM applicant must have a JD (or another first degree in law for foreign-educated lawyers).
Attending law school to earn a JD is the first step in becoming a lawyer and gaining admission to the state bar in order to practice. An LLM takes a lawyer deeper, to gain “advanced knowledge in a specific area of law for career advancement, upward mobility, and/or expanded practice opportunities.” The primary difference in the curriculum is that a JD program covers general law concepts; the LLM is focused on a specific area of expertise.
According to a PayScale survey, a JD holder will earn an average of $88,000 annually. In comparison, PayScale finds an individual who holds a master of laws will have an average salary of $133,000 annually.
The requirements for the Pepperdine School of Law have expanded to include additional opportunities to showcase applicants’ success and ability. The requirements follow:
- Online application via LSAC
- Official test scores
- LSAT score: 160 (80th percentile of all test-takers)
- GRE score: 80th percentile scores
- GPA: 3.63 (Undergraduate)
- Graduate course work will be taken into consideration
- Official transcripts required
- Personal statement
- Optional statement
- Letters of recommendation
- 2 letters required, with an option to submit 4 letters of recommendation
Master of Laws
- Online application via LSAC
- Personal statement
- Current resumé or CV
- Official transcript(s) required
- Two narrative letters of recommendation
JD: Basic American law degree required to practice law
LLM: Scholarly credential for lawyers seeking additional expertise in an area of U.S. law or international law, or for foreign-educated lawyers seeking an education in U.S. law
JD: A bachelor’s degree and LSAT score
LLM: A JD degree or other first degree in law for foreign-educated lawyers
JD: To qualify to sit for the state bar exam and earn a state license to practice law
LLM: To achieve advanced knowledge in a specific area of law for career advancement, upward mobility, and/or expanded practice opportunities
JD: Standard curriculum covering broad theories and concepts within the U.S. legal system
LLM: Concentrated curriculum encompassing a specific area(s) of U.S. law
Length of Program
JD: Three years of full-time study
LLM: One year of full-time study
How Long Does It Take To Complete a Law Degree?
Students interested in law careers typically ask one question, “How long does it take to complete a law degree?” Individuals want to determine if they have enough time, energy, and money to finish law school. After all, the U.S. News & World Report found the average law school tuition for 2019-20 was $41,726 per year. The highest law degree price was $72,465. The overall cost is linked to how long is law school. Becoming a lawyer generally takes three years in total. Time can vary depending on a person’s career goals and law degree type though. Becoming a legal scholar or consultant may require a longer amount of studies. Here’s some information on various law degrees and how long they take to complete.
Types of Law School Degrees
Determining how long is law school first requires picking a degree type. The time to graduation differs based on the curriculum length and requirements. The type of degree an individual wishes to pursue shortens or prolongs the time in law school. Let’s look at the six most common law degrees available.
- Juris Doctor – The Juris Doctor is the major original degree most people associate with law school. Juris Doctor degrees are intended for students who want to work as licensed lawyers. It fulfills the requirements for attorneys to take the Bar Exam. Most JD programs let students specialize in niches, such as civil litigation, elder law, tax law, and advocacy.
- Master of Legal Studies – The Master of Legal Studies (MLS) is a graduate degree for professionals who want a solid understanding of America’s laws. Unlike the Juris Doctor, MLS degrees don’t lead to licensed attorney jobs. Master of Legal Studies cohorts might not even have to take the LSAT Exam. Starting an MLS program could aid paralegals, court administrators, compliance directors, trial consultants, and e-discovery specialists.
- Master of Dispute Resolution – The Master of Dispute Resolution (MDR) is another non-JD graduate degree for students to sharpen their negotiation skills. Law schools offer MDR programs for licensed lawyers and non-lawyers to learn methods for solving conflicts. Graduates can work for various businesses as mediators, arbitrators, financial services conciliators, labor relations specialists, ombudspersons, and public policy facilitators.
- Master of Laws – The Master of Laws (LL.M) is a post-graduate degree for already licensed attorneys to get advanced training. LLM degrees focus heavily on legal theory for more understanding in law specializations. Concentrations, such as intellectual property, family law, immigration, and environmental law, are common. The Master of Laws is a wholly optional credential.
- Doctor of Juridical Science – The Doctor of Juridical Science (SJD) is one of the highest and most intellectually challenging law school degrees. SJD admission is reserved for individuals who’ve earned a Juris Doctor and Master of Laws already. This upper-level, practice-based degree is focused on training legal academics and scholars for teaching or writing.
- Doctor of Philosophy in Law – The Doctor of Philosophy in Law is another high-level law school degree that’s rooted in research methodologies instead. Unlike SJD degrees, the Ph.D. uses a scientific standpoint to review jurisprudence and prepare a dissertation. Ph.D. in Law graduates excel as legal researchers, consultants, professors, patent lawyers, and more.
How Long to Complete Law Degrees
Determining how long does it take to complete a law degree is difficult. How long is law school varies based on the degree level one chooses. Keep in mind that all law degrees require entrants to already have a bachelor’s degree. Baccalaureates take four to five years to complete more than 120 college credits. Beyond the bachelor’s degree, law students can expect the following timeframes.
- Juris Doctor – Getting a Juris Doctor requires three years full-time. Part-time JD programs typically last four to five years. Accelerated Juris Doctor options can be as little as two years. Some law schools have Dual 3+3 BA/JD tracks for two degrees in six years.
- Master of Legal Studies – Earning a Master of Legal Studies takes considerably less time. MLS cohorts can finish in just 12 to 16 months full-time. Part-time MLS majors finish in under three years. Joint degrees, such as the MSW/MLS or MSN/MLS, will take longer.
- Master of Dispute Resolution – Achieving a Master of Dispute Resolution takes 16 to 28 months depending on the level of commitment. Most MDR degrees consist of 30-48 credits beyond the bachelor’s level. Dual master’s, such as the MDR/MPP, take 3+ years.
- Master of Laws – Adding a Master of Laws degree requires another 12 months after three years of Juris Doctor training. Certain specialties, including constitutional law and criminal law, are more in-depth. Many LLM programs are finished 100 percent online within two years.
- Doctor of Juridical Science – Becoming a Doctor of Juridical Science graduate usually necessitates 40 to 48 credits beyond the JD. When taking full-time, the curriculum is finished in about 24 months. Part-time students tackle the SJD curriculum in 3.5 to four years.
- Doctor of Philosophy in Law – Reaching the Doctor of Philosophy level often requires 90 to 100 credits. A maximum of 30 credits can be transferred from a Master of Laws. Ph.D. candidates take anywhere from four to eight years. Finishing dissertation research is a difficult, time-consuming process.
What is an LL.M.?
The LL.M. (Master of Laws) is a degree in law for individuals who have already received a first degree in law (either the J.D. in the United States, or the equivalent from another country).
LL.M. is Latin for Legum Magister, signifying Master of Laws. In Latin abbreviations, the plural form of a word is indicated by doubling the letter – hence the “LL.” is short for Laws. The word “legum” is the possessive plural form of the Latin word lex that means specific laws. When used in the plural, it signifies a specific body of laws, as opposed to the general collective concept embodied in the word “Jus,” from which the word “Juris” and our modern English word “Justice” derive. In the feminine, i.e., for a female student, the expression is Legum Magistra.
How many students are in the LL.M. Program?
Each year Georgetown Law enrolls approximately 550 LL.M. students from between 60 and 70 countries and over 40 U.S. states and territories amongst our thirteen different specializations. Roughly two-thirds of these students are educated outside the U.S. and the other third have a J.D. degree from a law school in the United States.
The programs with the largest number of foreign trained students are General Studies, International Business & Economic Law and International Legal Studies. The program with the largest number of U.S. trained students is the LL.M. in Taxation.
How many credits does it take to complete an LL.M.?
Please view our curriculum guide for questions related to program credits.CURRICULUM GUIDE
How long does it take to complete the LL.M.?
Students pursuing the LL.M. on a full-time basis complete the program within two semesters, starting the last week of August and graduating in mid-May. Students pursuing the program on a part-time basis must complete the program within three years of matriculation. (In certain circumstances, part-time students may receive permission to extend their period of study). Please note that foreign-educated students typically enroll on a full-time basis unless they are in the United States on a visa status that permits part-time study.
How much does the LL.M. program cost?
The tuition rate tends to increase slightly each year. Tuition for the 2021-2022 academic year is as follows:
-Full Time: $71,536.00
-Part Time: $23,848.00 (Tuition is based on 4 credits/semester at $2,981.00/credit hour)
Full-time single students living in the Washington, DC area can expect living expenses for nine months to be approximately $29,256. Please note that these figures are not a financial aid budget. These amounts are an estimate of costs to help you in planning for your educational and living expenses.
Can I work while enrolled in a full-time graduate degree program?
The full-time program is demanding and designed to command all of the student’s time during the academic year. All full-time students must carefully restrict their hours of employment, and in no event may a full-time student exceed 20 hours of employment per week during the academic year. Also, international students in the U.S. on student visas are very restricted with respect to on-and off-campus employment and must get prior written permission from the Visa Coordinator.
If I enter the program as a part-time LL.M. student may I transfer to full-time status?
If you are interested in changing your status after having received your letter of admission please send an email to [email protected] detailing the reasons for your request. The Office of Graduate Admissions will review your request and provide an answer in a timely fashion.
Can I transfer to the J.D. program from the LL.M. program?
No. LL.M. students cannot be admitted as transfer students to the J.D. program. LL.M. students interested in earning a J.D. must apply directly to the J.D. program as a new applicant, and must take the LSAT. However, students who graduated from Georgetown’s LL.M. program who are admitted to the J.D. program may be able to apply up to 12 credits of their LL.M. coursework toward the J.D.
Does admission to the LL.M. program guarantee or assure admission into the S.J.D. program?
No. Candidacy for the S.J.D. program is competitive, and does not follow automatically from admission to the LL.M. program.
May I take graduate classes at Georgetown Law without enrolling in an LL.M. program?
Yes. Georgetown Law offers a comprehensive selection of graduate level law courses on a non-degree basis for lawyers who wish to deepen or broaden their legal knowledge without enrolling in an LL.M. degree program. Lawyers may do so by taking courses on a space-available basis. Note that the application for the Non-Degree program is handled by the Office of the Registrar.
Does Georgetown Law offer “conditional admission” to its Graduate Programs?
No. Students must meet the prerequisites for admission (e.g., obtaining the required minimum TOEFL score for foreign students) before an offer of admission can be extended.
Does it help to apply early?
Yes. The Admissions Committee reviews files on a rolling basis and makes offers throughout the admissions cycle. Therefore, it is to your advantage to submit your application as early as possible within each admissions cycle, while the greatest number of spaces are still available.
When will I know the decision?
The Office of Graduate Admissions aims to extend decisions within 6-10 weeks of the date the application is complete.
Can I apply to more than one graduate degree program simultaneously?
No. Applicants should choose one LL.M. degree program and/or Certificate when they apply.
If I am admitted to one program, may I switch to another program if I prefer to do so?
To be considered for a program change, after receiving your letter of admission, you should send an email to [email protected] detailing the reasons for your request. In certain circumstances you may be asked to submit a new personal statement.
If I apply Early Action and am admitted, am I required to attend Georgetown?
No. Our Graduate Early Action option is non-binding. Students admitted Early Action will have until the same date as Regular Action admitted students to decide whether or not to attend Georgetown.
How do I reapply if I applied previously to a graduate program and was not accepted?
Candidates who did not receive an offer of admission may choose to reapply for admission in a later term. Although it is likely that an applicant will receive the same decision, in some cases applicants may receive a different determination because new or additional information is provided, or because the application is submitted earlier in the admissions cycle than in the prior year. Applications are maintained by the Graduate Admissions Office for one year only.
Is there a grade cutoff for admission?
No. However, although Georgetown does not use numerical cutoffs, only candidates with strong academic and personal credentials are encouraged to apply. For applicants to specialized degree programs, grades in relevant courses are a factor. The Graduate Admissions Committee weighs non-quantifiable information to distinguish between applicants with similarly strong academic credentials, although personal information alone is seldom sufficient as a substitute for a strong academic record.
How many recommendations should I submit?
We require two letters of recommendation and do not recommend submitting more than three. These letters may come from former professors, previous supervisors or other individuals for whom you have worked. The most important thing is that the recommender be someone that has direct knowledge of your work product, ethic and potential for success in the program and in the future.
How should I format my Personal Statement?
We do not have any specific formatting requirements, nor word or page minimums, for your personal statement. However, please keep in mind that the admissions committee will review thousands of personal statements. Therefore, getting your message across in a concise manner will be to your advantage.
How long are TOEFL & IELTS scores valid?
Georgetown Law will accept TOEFL and IELTS scores which were taken within two years before the date of your LL.M. application submission.
Do you grant application fee waivers to graduate applicants?
No. In general, Georgetown Law does not grant fee waivers to those applying to our graduate programs. The only exceptions may be granted for current Georgetown J.D. students applying to the joint degree program, current Georgetown LL.M. students applying for a second LL.M., and current students studying at the Center for Transnational Legal Studies who wish to apply for the LL.M. program.
Can I get advanced standing for credit earned at another institution?
Georgetown Law does not award LL.M. credit for courses taken at another institution before matriculation at Georgetown Law. However, upon prior approval of the Associate Dean for Graduate Programs, and subject to certain restrictions, a cumulative maximum of 4 academic credits earned at other institutions while the student is an LL.M. student at Georgetown Law may be applied to the LL.M. degree.
Can I get advanced standing in a graduate program if I received my J.D. from Georgetown Law?
Students who received their J.D. degree from Georgetown Law within 3 years of matriculating in an LL.M. degree program may apply up to 6 academic credits earned while a J.D. student, provided those credits were in excess of the 85 credits required for the J.D. degree. Courses and grades involved will remain part of the J.D. record; advanced standing credit for specific courses will be applied to the LL.M. degree. The courses and grades will be entered on the transcript, but grades for those courses will not be included in the computation of the LL.M. grade point average. For part-time students, the maximum period of study allowed will be reduced by one semester if 4 or more credits are applied.
May I get advanced standing in a graduate program if I earned non-degree credits at Georgetown Law?
Students admitted to an LL.M. degree program at Georgetown Law may apply up to 8 non-degree academic credits that were earned at Georgetown Law within 2 academic years prior to matriculation in the degree program. The courses and grades will be entered on the transcript; the grades for those courses will be included in the computation of the LL.M. grade point average. The maximum period of study allowed for the degree will be reduced by one semester if 4 or more credits of advanced standing are applied.
Is there career placement assistance for LL.M. students?
Yes. Located in the Office of Graduate Programs, the Office of Graduate Careers team serves as a valuable resource for LL.M. and Certificate students. For more information about the Office of Graduate Careers team, externships, interview programs and all other career related questions please visit the Office of Graduate Careers Webpage.
If I am a foreign educated student, can I take a bar exam after I earn my LL.M.?
Many of our LL.M. students who received their first degree in law in a foreign country choose to take a U.S. bar exam, usually the New York bar exam, upon completion of their LL.M. Your academic advisor will work with you to help you select the courses needed to qualify for the bar exam, as part of designing your overall course of study.
Fully-funded PhD Scholarship in International Law & Military Operations, Denmark
The University of Copenhagen is currently accepting applications from international candidates for the Fully-funded PhD Scholarship in International Law & Military Operations.The main objective of this fellowship is to assist talented students who want to undertake a PhD degree in the Faculty of Law for the academic year 2021/2022.
Established in 1479, the University of Copenhagen is the oldest university in Denmark. It is among the largest universities in Scandinavia and is one of the highest-ranking in Europe.
Why study at the University of Copenhagen? Applicants can pursue a variety of job choices while attending this university. The institution actively promotes a work environment that is free of discrimination and embraces the benefits that diversity offers to the workplace.Application Deadline: August 31, 2021
- University or Organization: University of Copenhagen
- Department: Department of Chemistry
- Course Level: PhD
- Awards: Fully-funded
- Access Mode: Online
- Number of Awards: Not Known
- Nationality: International
- The award can be taken in Denmark
- Eligible Countries: All nationalities.
- Acceptable Course or Subjects: PhD degree program in International Law & Military Operations.
- Admissible Criteria: To be eligible, the applicants must meet all the following criteria:
- Applicants must have obtained a degree that corresponds to the Danish Master of Laws degree, which is a second cycle 120 ECTS degree (two years of full-time studies) that builds on a 180 ECTS bachelor’s degree (three years of full-time studies) or equivalent qualifications. Applicants with a non-Danish Master’s degree will have their degree assessed by the Ministry of Higher Education and Science in order to establish if the Master’s degree is equivalent to a Danish Master’s degree.
- Applicants must have obtained a minimum overall grade average of 8.2 or above at the Master’s level in accordance with the Danish grading scale (for the Danish scale, see here ).
- Applicants may submit their application before they have completed their Master’s Degree.
How to Apply
- How to Apply: To apply for the fellowship, all interested candidates are required to take admission in a PhD degree at the University of Copenhagen. After getting enrolled, applicants must complete and submit the online application form.
- Supporting Documents: Candidates must submit all the following documents:
- Curriculum vitae (maximum two pages).
- Diplomas and transcripts: Certified copies of original diploma(s) and transcripts (both Bachelor’s and Master’s degree) in the original language and an authorized English translation if they are issued in another language than English or Danish.
- Grading scale: A certified explanation of grading scale in the original language and an authorized English translation if it is available in another language than English or Danish.
- Letter of motivation: Explain the choice of the Faculty of Law at the University of Copenhagen as a host institution for the proposed project and outline how the project fits within the research priorities at the Faculty (maximum 1 page).
- Documentation of English level: Documentation of English level can, for instance, be documented by an excellent IELTS or TOEFL test.
- Admission Requirements: Applicants will be selected on the basis of previous publications (if any) and relevant work experience.
- Language Requirement: Applicants must have excellent language skills in English and have excellent communications skills. Applicants must be able to teach at an academic level in Danish or English and to follow PhD courses in English.
The University of Copenhagen will offer fully funded and salaried scholarships. The position can commence in December 2021.