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How To Become A Lawyer in Spain

Last Updated on December 14, 2022 by Omoyeni Adeniyi

Being a lawyer in Spain could be just as daunting as it could be in any other geographical location. To ease this task, CollegeLearners provides you with updated information on related topics study law in Spain in English, Spanish Bar Association and study International Law in Spain, best Law School in Spain and so much more.

The legal system in Spain is based on the Napoleonic Code, which has been modified to meet the needs of Spanish society. As a lawyer in Spain, you’ll need to be familiar with this code and its updates.

The first step to becoming a lawyer in Spain is to complete a law degree at a university that’s officially recognized by the Ministry of Education. You can then take an exam administered by the Ministry of Justice that tests your knowledge of Spanish law. Once you’ve passed this exam, you’ll be eligible for admission into one of Spain’s Inns of Court (called Colegios de Abogados).

The next step is to complete two periods of internship at different law firms—one must be at least six months long and one must be at least three months long—before becoming licensed to practice law in Spain. If you don’t already speak Spanish fluently, you may want to consider taking classes or doing online training before beginning your internship periods.

Perhaps you want to pursue a career in Law this blog post is replete with information on how to become a lawyer in Spain. Here on Collegelearners, you can find out more about how to become a lawyer in Spain. Be sure to comb through our catalogue to get the knowledge you so rightfully deserve, learn about the Spanish Law Society Register, Spanish Bar Association and the Consejo General de la Abogacia Espanola (General Council of Spanish Law).

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Brief History of Spain


Spain, with its Mediterranean flair and exquisite architectural offerings, is one of the world’s most popular destinations to visit. Located on the Iberian Peninsula and surrounded by water and mountains, as well as the country of Portugal, Spain offers much to the international student. The country has a long and rich cultural history and boasts a wide variety of terrain including beaches, pastures, mountains, and desert-like areas. Known for art, music, cuisine and other cultural activities, Spain is also a leader in renewable energy development, particularly in the areas of solar power and wind energy. A combination of good universities, a language spoken around the world and the attractive cosmopolitan lifestyle of the Spanish people make it an attractive place for people looking to study abroad. Those interested in studying law in Spain will find that the country’s top universities offer excellent legal programs to consider.

Spain has a long and rich history, with a number of different cultures that have shaped its identity.

The earliest evidence of human presence in Spain dates back to the Palaeolithic era, some 200,000 years ago. The first modern humans arrived about 40,000 years ago and were mainly hunter-gatherers. The first known civilization arose around 3000 BCE in the Iberian Peninsula (modern-day Spain and Portugal). The Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Greeks, Romans and Celts all ruled or controlled parts of Spain at one time or another.

The Moors (Arabs) conquered most of Spain during the 7th century CE, but they were defeated by the Christian Reconquista between 718 and 1492 CE. The Spanish Inquisition was established in 1478 by King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castille as a way to enforce religious orthodoxy and stamp out heresy. After Christopher Columbus landed on Hispaniola (modern-day Haiti) in 1492; Spanish explorers settled Mexico in 1521; Peru in 1532; Florida in 1565; California in 1769; New Mexico in 1609; Texas in 1684; Louisiana in 1762; Arizona in 1848; Colorado in 1821; Utah

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How To Become A Lawyer in Spain

Spain is a premier destination for any type of European student, and choosing to study at a school in Spain can give you ample opportunities for outside activities and internships. A lawyer must be licensed by the Supreme Court of their country and then apply to take the Bar Exam, which is held once a year in February. This guide will walk you through the necessary steps toward becoming a lawyer in Spain. Becoming a lawyer in Spain is possible for foreign nationals. The process involves the completion of an undergraduate degree, followed by another three years of study. Below you can find out how to become a lawyer in Spain, and the qualifications each course requires.

Becoming a Lawyer in Spain

In order to become a lawyer in Spain, there are several steps that must be taken before applying for admission into law school or taking the Bar Exam:

1) Complete an Undergraduate Degree

The first step is to complete an undergraduate degree from one of Spain’s recognized universities or colleges. The undergraduate degree does not have to be in law; however it does need to cover subjects such as philosophy or history which will help prepare students for studying law at

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lLM in spain

The Master of Laws is a postgraduate academic degree, pursued by those holding a Bacherlor’s Degree in Law and it is the basic professional degree for admission into legal practice.

In Spain this master has different names according to the university that offers it, including: Master’s Degree in Legal Practice, Master’s Degree in Advocacy, Master’s Degree in Legal Profession.

The master’s degree in legal practice is made up of one or two years depending on the university that offers it and consists of 90 ECTS credits.

As to the legal internship, according to article 17 of the Royal Decree 775/2011, of 3 June, which approves the rules set by the LAC, it will involve a minimum of 30 ECTS credits, which means a minimum of 750 hours (6 months).

law school in spain

Almost anyone can become a lawyer in Spain. There are no fixed requirements. The Spanish Constitution states that any person over the age of 18 may be a lawyer, whether they have a degree or not. It will certainly help if you have a law degree or a degree in another related subject such as economics, history, political science or sociology.

The Bachelor’s Degree in Law (in Spain) is the academic degree conferred on those who have successfully completed a law study process at a university or institution of higher studies. Not to be confused with the Bachelor of Laws.

It is important to differentiate between two types of the Bachelor’s Degree in Law: the one previous to the Bologna Process and the later one. The one previous to the Bologna Process was composed of 5 years, with specialization and without legal internship. The current one consists of 4 years, with internship and to specialize it is necessary to study a master’s degree.

How to Become a Qualified Lawyer in Spain

Though the process for becoming a lawyer in Spain may vary from the processes established for the practice of law in other countries, becoming a lawyer in Spain is rather straightforward and depends only on meeting a set of prerequisites, educational requirements and professional duties.

  • Make certain that you are a citizen of Spain or of one of the countries of the European Union.
  • Warrant that you are at least 18 years of age and are not mentally incapacitated.
  • Ensure that you do not have a prior criminal record.
  • Study and earn a law degree in Spain if you do not already have a law degree. This is typically five to six years of study.
  • Though the process for becoming a lawyer in Spain may vary from the processes established for the practice of law in other countries, becoming a lawyer in Spain is rather straightforward and depends only on meeting a set of prerequisites, educational requirements and professional duties.
  • Check with your university as well as the Spanish ministry of education if you are already in possession of a law degree from a foreign university in order to determine if the European Union or international agreements automatically recognise the degree you earned as equivalent to a Spanish law degree.

Having fulfilled the educational requirements, to become a lawyer in Spain.

If your application is approved and your law degree is duly recognised as a Spanish equivalent, you then fulfil the educational requirements for becoming a lawyer in Spain.

Find a bar association in Spain local to where you intend to live and work as a lawyer (See Resources). However, this does not mean that you are restricted to practicing law in that area. Lawyers in Spain may practice law freely throughout Spain. They may also practice law in the European Union or in other countries as may be provided for by law.

Sign up with the bar association, pay the current fees, and agree to abide by the association’s ethics guidelines.

  • Apply with the Spanish ministry of education to get your degree evaluated and recognised as equivalent to a law degree earned in Spain if you have already earned a law degree from a foreign university but it is not automatically recognised through international agreements as a Spanish equivalent.

Contract insurance with a company that provides insurance policies for practicing lawyers in Spain.

Sign up with Spanish social security at the social security office nearest to where you intend to live and work as a lawyer in Spain.

Bar Exam Requirements

According to article 17 of the Royal Decree 775/2011, of 3 June, which approves the rules set by the LAC, the exam is written and consists of two parts that are done on the same day. The first exercise consists of an objective test of multiple answers and the second exercise of the evaluation will consist of solving a practical case previously chosen by the applicant among several alternatives.

The evaluation test has a total duration of 4 hours and consists of:

  • 50 questions on «Common subjects in the practice of the legal profession».
  • 25 questions on «Specific subjects» according to the legal specialty (civil and commercial, criminal, administrative and labor)
  • In addition, the questionnaire includes six reservation questions for the section «Common subjects exercising the legal profession» and two for each legal specialty of the section «Specific subjects».

The final result of the State Test is a qualification of “Apt” or “Unfit”, without numerical result. The result of the test is weighted with the Master of Access to Law and Legal Practice, the test being 70% and the master 30% of the final result.

However, due to the high percentage of people who present themselves and pass the exam, the lawyers filed several complaints and are currently negotiating a new tougher access test with the Ministry of Justice, which they want to implement before 2022. The new Model of access to the legal profession that is being negotiated will have:

  • A practical oral test before a court of a specific area of law chosen by the student
  • Elimination of the average between the exam and the master
  • Make passing the test mandatory to obtain the title
  • Grant a final numerical note to the applicant

Consejo General de la Abogacia Espanola (General Council of Spanish Law)

The General Council of Spanish Lawyers as defined by the current Statute, is the representative, coordinating and senior executive body of the Illustrious Bar Associations of Spain and has, for all purposes, the status of a public law corporation with personality own legal and full capacity to fulfill its purposes. We will analyze below its organization, composition, operation and skills.

The General Council of Spanish Lawyers is the representative and executive body of the 83 Lawyer Associations of Spain and among its key missions is the management practice of lawyers, ensuring the prestige of the profession, requiring Bar Associations and their members to comply with the professional and ethical work toward a more agile, modern and effective justice duties. Its EU office, based in Brussels, acts as representation to the EU Institutions and to ELI.

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If you’re looking for a career in law, Spain is a great place to start. The country’s legal system is very similar to that of the United States, and all lawyers in Spain must complete a rigorous three-year education program at a public university before taking their Bar Exam.

The first step is to decide which type of lawyer you want to be: criminal, civil, or administrative. If you choose criminal law, you will focus on helping the state prosecute criminals for crimes like murder and assault. Civil law involves helping clients sue other people or companies when they have been wronged. Administrative law deals with issues related to government agencies and officials who work for them—like tax collection or licensing procedures.

Once you’ve decided on an area of practice, apply to one of Spain’s many universities that offer law degrees (there are 12 in Madrid alone!). These programs include classes on constitutional law, international treaties, criminal procedure and civil procedure; they also require students to complete internships during their junior year so they can get real-world experience before entering the workforce after graduation day arrives!

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