Last Updated on August 12, 2023 by Oluwajuwon Alvina
It is hard to know where to begin to identify the first evidence of psychological thinking in China, whose rich 3000-year history and culture has always had psychological undertones. Ancient classical literature such as Confucian Analects are all rich in wisdom with respect to intelligence, mental ability of self-control, balancing human relationships, and management at personal, group, and state level.
Confucius was a famous teacher as well as a philosopher; he advocated that all people should be educated, irrespective of their abilities. He categorized people into three types: superior, medium, and inferior and concluded that everyone should be educated according to their abilities. These ideas are in agreement with the modern idea of everyone’s right to an education and the concept of individual differences and the need to provide education in a suitable form for all to benefit, whatever their abilities. With regard to human development, Confucius viewed this as a life-long process as stated in the summary of his own life.
China’s academic psychology can be traced back to German laboratories. One of its senior initiators was Professor Yuanpei Cai who studied at the University of Leipzig in 1908–11, and took eight courses of psychology, including three lectured by Wilhelm Wundt on experimental psychology.
The first Department of Psychology was established at South-East University in 1920. Since then, psychology has made steady progress, stopping only during war periods. The first textbook of psychology, Simplified Psychology (Xin Ling Xue) in Chinese, was written by Chinese scholar Huang Chen which was published in 1905 in Japan.
After the founding of the People’s Republic in 1949, psychology in China was reestablished under the support of the Communist Party.
“contacts with Western psychology were curtailed, and Soviet psychology became a model for Chinese psychologists for it was considered to be the science best conforming to the ideology of the victorious class of the working people” ( Barabanshchikova & Koltsova, 1988 )
As in the Soviet Union in the 1940s and in 1950s, there were no independent departments of psychology in Chinese universities. Psychology was a secondary discipline in the departments of philosophy or education. In 1958, the Institute of Psychology was set up as a part of the Chinese Academy of Science, where, because it was classified as a science, its funding was more favorable than that of other social sciences.
Chinese psychology was guided by the slogan “Learn from the Soviet Psychology” (Barabanshchikova & Koltsova, 1989, p. 118), and books by Soviet psychologists (Pavlov, Luria, Sechenov, etc.) were translated into Chinese; Chinese students and postgraduates began to study in Russia rather than in the United States (Barabanshchikova & Koltsova). Soviet psychology focused on the relationship between psychology and the workings of the central nervous system, especially as shown in the work of Pavlov with animals, whereas Western psychology with its emphasis on individual differences was seen as a “tool of the bourgeoisie,” which contradicted the Marxist doctrine that states that people are primarily shaped by their social class. Jing (1994) noted that.
Psychology was a secondary discipline in the departments of philosophy or education. (It was only 30 years later, after the Chinese Cultural Revolution, that independent departments of psychology were reestablished in Chinese universities). (p. 670).
Between 1966 and 1976, during the period of the Cultural Revolution, psychology was attacked by the extreme leftist revolutionaries as a “bourgeois pseudo-science” and was uprooted completely as a scientific discipline. The disaster lasted until the termination of the Cultural Revolution in 1976. In the late 1970’s, Chinese economic reform opened policy doors to the outside door and rehabilitated psychology as a scientific discipline. With increased international exchanges, new ideas and areas of research such as cognitive psychology and counseling, psychology become popular in China.
However, the development of psychology was not smooth because of the ebb and flow of political movements. “Even though it is a science, psychology could be construed as an ideology and hence a threat to the doctrine promulgated by the ruling regime or by influential segments of society,” noted Leung and Zhang (1995, p. 694). Jing (1994) gave an explanation for this statement. He described the 1958 campaign against the “bourgeois direction in psychology” that criticized the “biologization” and “abstractionism” of psychology. This criticism was aimed at basic research with controlled experiments.
In China, confounding political matters with academic ones led to the suppression of certain subfields in psychology. For example, social psychology and psychological testing were abolished “on the grounds that the former ignored the class nature of social groups, and the latter stressed too heavily individual differences rather than social differences” (Jing, 1994, p. 671). The only social psychology articles then published were criticisms of the bourgeois and idealist values of Western psychology. As Brown (1983) noted, Western theories were viewed as a tool for exploiting the working class and a false bourgeois science, which contradicted the Marxist framework of historical materialism.
The psychology discipline of Beijing Normal University has a long history. In 1902, psychology was set as a general subject for students at the very beginning of the establishment of the Imperial University of Peking. The psychological laboratory was established in 1920. The Department of Psychology was founded in 1980. The School of Psychology established in 2001 was the first college of psychology in Chinese universities. In 2005, the National Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning was established. In 2016, the School of Psychology and the School of Brain and Cognitive Sciences merged to form the Faculty of Psychology.
The BNU Faculty of Psychology is a unit for the development of first-class psychological discipline in China and the only unit with a national key discipline of the first-level discipline of psychology. The Faculty of Psychology has a national science basic research and teaching personnel training base, a key research base for humanities and social sciences of the Ministry of Education for development psychology, the State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, the Beijing Municipality Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, a national psychology basic experimental teaching demonstration center, a national psychology virtual simulation experimental teaching center, and a pilot campus innovation and practice base in Beijing colleges and universities. In the discipline ranking of the Ministry of Education, the psychology discipline has always been ranking first in China. “Psychiatry and Psychology” and “Neuroscience and Behavioral Science” rank among top 1% in ESI.
The faculty has developed a strong interdisciplinary faculty team with psychology as its core, including neuroscience, computer science, mathematics and engineering. The total number of teaching and administrative staff is 256, including 61 full professors and 27 associate professors. 41 people have been selected into various talent programs. The Faculty of Psychology has a national-level teaching team, and has won the first talent introduction plan for discipline innovation, the first innovation team of the Ministry of Education and the first innovation group of the National Natural Science Foundation of China in psychology discipline among China’s colleges and universities.
The faculty implements a training system by classifying academic talents and applied talents, and integrating general education and professional education. It is committed to training top-notch innovative academic talents with international vision, becoming more influential in the field of international psychology and brain science, developing high-level applied talents, and solving urgent major practical problems in various fields of the country and society.
Since 2006, the Division has successively introduced more than 20 international academic masters, including academicians of the American Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. International and regional international academic conferences such as the International Congress on Psychometrics and the Congress of Chinese Psychologists are held, and more than 200 foreign experts and scholars are invited to cooperate in research and render lectures every year. In 2015, the Cooperation Memorandum of Finland-China on Joint Learning and Innovation Research Institute was signed. In 2018, Beijing Normal University’s China-US Youth Innovation Exchange Center was inaugurated. Since 2009, two-way classroom teaching has been conducted for undergraduates with the Department of Psychology of the University of Michigan. In 2015, the first master’s dual-degree program in psychology was established in cooperation with the University of Missouri in the United States. From 2017 to 2018, a master’s dual-degree program was established with Helsinki University in Finland and Purdue University in the United States.
Psychology scholarship in china
China- Shaanxi Normal University Pearl international awards 2021 is open for International Students . The scholarship allows Graduate level programm(s) in the field of All Subjects taught at Shaanxi Normal University . The deadline of the scholarship is Open.
China- Shaanxi Normal University Pearl international awards 2021 is available to undertake Graduate level programs at Shaanxi Normal University.
Following subject are available to study under this scholarship program.
- All Subjects
Shaanxi Normal University will provide the selected international students RMB4000 per year towards their graduate study in China at Shaanxi.
To be eligible, the applicants must meet all the following/given criteria:
- The applicants must already be students at Shaanxi.
Applicants are required to apply at Shaanxi Normal University via the online platform set up by the university. The applicants will be considered upon submitting the general admission application.
- Supporting Documents: The students are required to present the following documents to the university:
- Two Copies Highest Degree Certificate (Notarized copy)
- Two Copies Transcripts of Highest Education (Notarized copy)
- Two Recommendation Letters
- Passport Copy
- Physical Examination Form Photocopy
- Admission Requirements: Applicants must hold an undergraduate qualification relevant to the graduate programme they are applying for to be admitted at Shaanxi.
- Language Requirement: The applicants are required to attain minimum scores in the following English language proficiency tests:
- IELTS – 6.0
- TOEFL – 50
China Zhejiang/Ningbo government awards for International students 2021-2022 is open for International Students . The scholarship allows Undergraduate level programm(s) in the field of All Subjects taught at University of Nottingham Ningbo China . The deadline of the scholarship is expired at 31 May 2021.
China Zhejiang/Ningbo government awards for International students 2021-2022 is available to undertake Undergraduate level programs at University of Nottingham Ningbo China.
Following subject are available to study under this scholarship program.
- All Subjects
The University of Nottingham Ningbo China will provide an award amount of 20,000 RMB for successful undergraduate students.
International students are eligible.
To be eligible, the applicants must have high school certificates with a good academic record.
- Students who would like to apply for this application will need to prepare the following documents and submit in your online application form system in section 6 under the “other documents” area.
- Supporting Documents: You must provide a copy of your passport (international applicants), an electronic copy of the passport-sized photo, a brief CV, personal statement (500 words).
- Admission Requirements: For taking admission, candidates must meet all the entry requirement of the university.
- Language Requirement: Applicants must meet the required English language proficiency for the relevant subject area.
Ms clinical psychology in china
Applied Psychology is an important branch of psychology in the rapid development of psychology. Due to the needs of people in their work and life, related field research of a variety of topics forms psychology discipline. Psychology studies the basic principles of applied psychology; a variety of practical applications of psychology in various fields including industry, engineering, management organization, the consumer market, school education, social life, health care, sports and the military, the judiciary, environment. With the rapid development of economy, science and technology, society and culture, applied psychology has a broad prospect.
The difference between basic psychology and applied psychology: in fact, they are not the same as the research category. The former is mainly from the perspective of individual research, and the latter is based on the perspective of the class analysis. An individual’s collection is a class, but in real life, it is often the individual who needs to solve the puzzle. So, from this point of view, the relationship between the two is the existence of the intersection, while each area has its own unique side. So if you want to study, nature is the need to learn basic psychology, then you can continue to study the application of psychology, however, the treatment of different schools of the same problem is different.
Located in Wuhan, the capital of Hubei Province and a major hub of transportation in China, Central China Normal University is a key comprehensive university directly under the administration of the Chinese Ministry of Education. The picturesque campus of over 120 million square meters is nestled on Guizi Hill, bordering South Lake. As one of the universities on the list of 211 National Education Priority Project, Central China Normal University is highly recognized as an important base for cultivating brilliant talents for the country, as well as a superior training center for excellent teachers in higher learning institutions and high schools.
Our university is among the first higher institutions in China entitled to offer doctoral and postgraduate degrees, to assess and confer the titles of professor, associate professor and also doctoral supervisor, and has already established a complete and optimized advanced education system from undergraduate to graduate programs, from doctoral to post-doctoral programs, and from full-time to adult-education programs.
Our research strength is witnessing a constant increase year by year. The national social science research work of CCNU ranks top 10 for three consecutive years, and its social science research work by the Ministry of Education ranks top 6 for four consecutive years. Ranking No.8 in the Fourth Social Science Prominent Scientific Result Award, a series of our research results have won prizes including two fist prizes of the Natural Science Award by Chinese Ministry of Education and six first prizes of Hubei provincial Natural Science Award.
We have established close relations with many key universities and research institutes and have conducted school-to-school exchanges and extensive academic cooperation with more than 100 universities from over 70 countries such as the USA, Canada, Germany, Japan, Russia, France, New Zealand, Australia, South Korea, and Vietnam. Foreign experts and teachers are regularly invited to teach at the university. In recent years, teachers of the university have been constantly sent abroad for further study, a majority of whom have returned home to become the backbone in their own teaching and research field; a good number of them are active on international academic rostrum and have made admirable contributions to science, technology, culture and education exchanges between China and other nations around the world.